DHFSlicer: Double Height-Field Slicing For Milling Fixed Thickness Materials
Technical Papers Q&A
TimeThursday, 10 December 202012:42 - 12:48 SGT
LocationZoom Room 3
DescriptionMilling objects from precut slabs of materials such as wood or stone using a 3-axis mill is an appealing, cheap, and precise fabrication technique.
However, a 3-axis mill can only carve a height-field (HF) surface during each milling pass, limiting the space of directly millable shapes.
Moreover, the size of millable shapes is bounded by the slab dimensions. For most pre-cut materials, one of these dimensions, the height, is typically significantly smaller than the others. Extending 3-axis milling of pre-cut slabs to general arbitrarily-sized shapes requires decomposing them
into bounded-height 3-axis-millable and assemblable parts, or slices, which can be individually milled and then assembled to form the target object.
We present DHFSlicer, a novel decomposition method that satisfies the above constraints and significantly reduces both milling time and material waste compared to alternative approaches.
We satisfy the fabrication constraints by partitioning shapes into bounded-height double-height-field (DHF) slices, which can be fabricated using two milling passes: the HF surface accessible from one side is milled first, the slice is then flipped using appropriate fixtures, and then the second, remaining, HF surface is milled.
DHFSlicer uses an efficient coarse-to-fine process to produce DHF slices that satisfy all fabrication constraints. It first partitions the inputs into maximally coarse blocks that satisfy a local DHF criterion with respect to per-block milling axes, and then cuts each block into well-sized DHF slices. It minimizes milling time and material waste by keeping the slice count small, and maximizing slice height. We enable an end-to-end DHF slice-based fabrication pipeline by automatically computing suitable fabrication fixtures and validate it by fabricating objects from slabs of foam, wood, and MDF. We demonstrate that using our slices reduces milling time and material waste by 42% on average compared to existing automatic alternatives; and highlight its benefits via extensive ablation studies.